03 Connective Tissue Terminology

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  1. Adult stem cell from which most connective tissue cells are derived. (16)
  2. Cell composed of a single lipid droplet. (14)
  3. Most abundant cell type in connective tissue secretes protein fibers and matrix into the extracellular space. (10)
  4. Principal element of irregular connective tissue, tendons, aponeuroses, and most ligaments. (17)
  5. Small spaces in bone or cartilage tissue that cells occupy. (7)
  6. A star-shaped type of bone cell inside a lacuna. (9)
  7. Type of loose connective tissue that provides a supportive framework to soft organs such as lymphatic tissue spleen and the liver. (16)
  8. Extracellular material which is produced by the cells embedded in it containing ground substance and fibers. (6)
  9. Less active form of fibroblast. (9)
  10. Lipid storage cells. (10)
  11. Resilient and smooth elastic tissue, rubber-like padding that covers and protects the ends of long bones at the joints. (9)
  12. Specialized loose connective tissue present in the umbilical cord. (24)
  13. Elastic protein in connective tissue and allows many tissues in the body to resume their shape after stretching or contracting. (7)
  14. Connective tissue containing a viscous matrix fibers and cells. (24)
  15. Fluid or semi-fluid portion of the matrix. (16)
  16. Type of connective tissue that provides strength to the body and protects soft tissue. (28)
  17. Extracellular molecules secreted by cells that provides structural and biochemical support to the surrounding cells. (20)
  18. Highly vascularized deposits of fat in somewhat consistent anatomical locations. (14)
  19. Granulocyte derived from the myeloid stem cell and contains many granules rich in histamine and heparin. (9)
  20. Connective tissue proper that contains many fibers that provide both elasticity and protection. (23)


  1. Largest leukocyte which differentiate into macrophages and myeloid lineage dendritic cells. (8)
  2. Most common type of cartilage smooth and made of short collagen fibers embedded in a chondroitin sulfate ground substance. (17)
  3. Flexible fibrous proteins that give connective tissue tensile strength. (14)
  4. Glycoprotein essential for the formation of elastic fibers. (9)
  5. Type of connective tissue proper that shows little specialization with cells dispersed in the matrix. (23)
  6. Cells of cartilage. (12)
  7. Specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat. (14)
  8. Specialized cells that circulate in a watery fluid containing salts nutrients and dissolved proteins. (23)
  9. Loose connective tissue. (25)
  10. One of four types of biological tissue that supports, connects or separates different types of tissues and organs in the body. (17)
  11. A type of connective tissue proper that shows little specialization with cells dispersed in the matrix. (14)
  12. Functional cells of a gland or organ in contrast with the supportive or connective tissue of a gland or organ. (10)
  13. Fine fibrous protein made of collagen subunits which cross-link to form supporting “nets” within connective tissue. (15)
  14. Growth in diameter of bones around the diaphysis by deposition of bone beneath the periosteum. (19)
  15. Phagocytic cells located in reticular connective tissue. (21)
  16. Big eater. (10)
  17. Embryonic tissue from which connective tissue cells derive. (10)
  18. Cartilage model growing in length by continuous cell division of chondrocytes, with further secretion of extracellular matrix. (19)
  19. Fibrous protein within connective tissue that contains a high percentage of the protein elastin that allows the fibers to stretch and return to original size. (13)
  20. Major component of the extracellular matrix. (12)
  21. Type of cartilage with elastin as the major protein characterized by rigid support as well as elasticity. (17)
  22. Fibroblast with contractile abilities. (13)
  23. Layer of dense irregular connective tissue surrounding the cartilage of developing bone. (13)
  24. Tough form of cartilage made of thick bundles of collagen fibers embedded in chondroitin sulfate ground substance. (14)

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