Connective tissue is one of the four basic tissue types. It fills spaces between organs and tissues, and provides them with structural and metabolic support. Connective tissue comprises three components, namely cells, fibers and amorphous ground substance.
|General connective tissue
||Soft connective tissue
|Gelatinous connective tissue
|Loose connective tissue
|Reticular connective tissue
|Dense connective tissue
||Irregular dense connective tissue
|Regular connective tissue
|Special connective tissue
You should be able to:
Connective tissue comprises a number of components. Study each example of connective tissue according to the following scheme:
- Describe the basement membrane and its components.
- Explain the general structure and functions of connective tissues and its components.
- Identify and distinguish between the types of connective tissue.
- Explain the components (cells, fibers and ground substance) of connective tissue.
- Identify the main fibers (collagen, elastic, reticular) and cells of connective tissues and properties and functions of each.
- Explain the distribution of collagen types (Types I, II, III and IV) in the connective tissue types.
- Distinguish the relative differences in the amount of connective tissue components in various connective tissues types.
- Identify the three types of proper connective tissue, namely loose connective tissue, irregular dense connective tissue and regular dense connective tissue.
Also take note of the following:
- Types of cells present
- Extracellular fibers
- Types present
- Arrangement e.g. parallel, irregular, loose, dense, etc.
- Appearance of the amorphous ground substance e.g. colourless
- The staining reaction of the amorphous ground substance, cells and fibers.
- The relative ratio of the three components to one another.
- The relative ratio of the different cells to one another.
- The relative ratio of the different types of fibers.
- The distribution of the cells in relation to the fibers.
- Summarise the main similarities and differences between different types of connective tissue.
- Name the 5 main classes of support cells.
- Name the 5 major components of the basement membrane.
- Name the 3 main functions of the basement membrane.
- Make a table for each type of general and special connective tissue, describing and comparing each of the three components