Skin Terminology

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  1. ,"Uppermost layer of the dermis, intertwining with the rete ridges of the epidermis and composed of fine and loosely arranged collagen fibers." (16)
  2. ,Fibers made of the protein elastin that increase the elasticity of the dermis. (14)
  3. ,"Deepest layer of the epidermis, made of epidermal stem cells." (14)
  4. ,"Superficial layer of the dermis, made of loose, areolar connective tissue." (15)
  5. ,Layer of the epidermis superficial to the stratum spinosum. (18)
  6. ,Spread of cancer cells from a source to other parts of the body. (10)
  7. ,Partial-thickness burn that injures the epidermis and a portion of the dermis. (18)
  8. ,Cell found in the stratum basale of the epidermis that produces the pigment melanin. (10)
  9. ,Type of oil gland found in the dermis all over the body and helps to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair by secreting sebum. (15)
  10. ,"Skin condition in which melanocytes in certain areas lose the ability to produce melanin, possibly due an autoimmune reaction that leads to loss of color in patches." (8)
  11. ,Deeper layer of the dermis; it has a reticulated appearance due to the presence of abundant collagen and elastin fibers. (15)
  12. ,"Type of structural protein that gives skin, hair, and nails its hard, water-resistant properties." (7)
  13. ,Main keratinous plate that forms the nail. (9)
  14. ,"(also, tactile corpuscle) receptor in the skin that responds to light touch." (18)
  15. ,Skin condition due to infected sebaceous glands. (4)
  16. ,"Fold of epithelium at that extend over the sides of the nail body, holding it in place." (9)
  17. ,Secretions via exocytosis. (9)
  18. ,"Type of stem cell found in the stratum basale and in the hair matrix that continually undergoes cell division, producing the keratinocytes of the epidermis." (10)
  19. ,"Skin condition due to an allergic reaction, which resembles a rash." (6)
  20. ,Type of scar that has layers raised above the skin surface. (6)
  21. ,Innermost layer of keratinocytes in the hair follicle that surround the hair root up to the hair shaft. (20)
  22. ,"Layer of skin between the epidermis and hypodermis, composed mainly of connective tissue and containing blood vessels, hair follicles, sweat glands, and other structures." (6)
  23. ,Keratinous filament growing out of the epidermis. (4)
  24. ,Mark formed on the skin due to a sudden growth spurt and expansion of the dermis beyond its elastic limits. (12)
  25. ,Most superficial layer of the epidermis. (15)
  26. ,Clear protein-bound lipid found in the stratum lucidum that is derived from keratohyalin and helps to prevent water loss. (7)
  27. ,Secretion by membrane rupture. (9)
  28. ,Type of callus that is named for its shape and the elliptical motion of the abrasive force. (4)
  29. ,"In hair, the second or middle layer of keratinocytes originating from the hair matrix, as seen in a cross-section of the hair bulb." (6)
  30. ,Basal part of the nail body that consists of a crescent-shaped layer of thick epithelium. (6)
  31. ,Active phase of the hair growth cycle. (6)
  32. ,Part of hair that is below the epidermis anchored to the follicle. (9)
  33. ,"In hair, the outermost layer of keratinocytes originating from the hair matrix, as seen in a cross-section of the hair bulb." (7)
  34. ,Transitional phase marking the end of the anagen phase of the hair growth cycle. (7)
  35. ,Structure at the base of the hair root that surrounds the dermal papilla. (9)
  36. ,Skin and its accessory structures. (20)
  37. ,"Mass of connective tissue, blood capillaries, and nerve endings at the base of the hair follicle." (12)
  38. ,"Genetic disorder that affects the skin, in which there is no melanin production." (8)
  39. ,Connective tissue connecting the integument to the underlying bone and muscle. (10)
  40. ,"Cell that synthesizes the extracellular matrix and collagen, the structural framework for animal tissues, and plays a critical role in wound healing. Fibroblasts are the most common cells of connective tissue in animals." (10)
  41. ,Burn that penetrates and destroys the full thickness of the skin (epidermis and dermis). (17)
  42. ,Type of skin cancer that originates from the stratum spinosum of the epidermis. (23)
  43. ,"Thick bottom layer of the dermis, composed of dense irregular connective tissue featuring densely packed collagen fibers." (16)
  44. ,Cavity or sac from which hair originates. (13)
  45. ,Burn in which full thickness of the skin and underlying muscle and bone is damaged. (18)


  1. ,"Layer of connective tissue that surrounds the base of the hair follicle, connecting it to the dermis." (15)
  2. ,Structure that forms an impermeable junction between cells. (9)
  3. ,Sore on the skin that develops when regions of the body start necrotizing due to constant pressure and lack of blood supply; also called decubitis ulcers. (7)
  4. ,Squamous (flattened) epithelial cells arranged in layers upon a basal membrane. (30)
  5. ,Outermost tissue layer of the skin. (9)
  6. ,"Layer of the epidermis superficial to the stratum basale, characterized by the presence of desmosomes." (16)
  7. ,Thickened layer of stratum corneum that lies below the free edge of the nail. (11)
  8. ,Resting phase of the hair growth cycle initiated with catagen and terminated by the beginning of a new anagen phase of hair growth. (7)
  9. ,Sweat gland. (18)
  10. ,Keratin proteins found in the intracytoplasmic cytoskeleton of epithelial tissue. (11)
  11. ,Extension of the papillary layer of the dermis that increases surface contact between the epidermis and dermis. (14)
  12. ,Part of hair that is above the epidermis but is not anchored to the follicle. (10)
  13. ,Part of the nail that is lodged deep in the epidermis from which the nail grows. (9)
  14. ,Smooth muscle that is activated in response to external stimuli that pull on hair follicles and make the hair “stand up”. (13)
  15. ,"In hair, the innermost layer of keratinocytes originating from the hair matrix." (7)
  16. ,Granulated protein found in the stratum granulosum. (12)
  17. ,Cancer that originates from basal cells in the epidermis of the skin. (20)
  18. ,Compound that aids absorption of calcium and phosphates in the intestine to improve bone health. (9)
  19. ,Superficial burn that injures only the epidermis. (17)
  20. ,"Nail fold that meets the proximal end of the nail body, also called the cuticle." (10)
  21. ,Type of sweat gland that is common throughout the skin surface; it produces a hypotonic sweat for thermoregulation. (19)
  22. ,"Disease in children caused by vitamin d deficiency, which leads to the weakening of bones." (7)
  23. ,Intercellular vesicle that transfers melanin from melanocytes into keratinocytes of the epidermis. (10)
  24. ,Layer of epidermis upon which the nail body forms. (8)
  25. ,Receptor cell in the stratum basale of the epidermis that responds to the sense of touch. (11)
  26. ,"Outer layer of the hair follicle that is an extension of the epidermis, which encloses the hair root." (20)
  27. ,Inner or epidermic coat of the hair follicle. (11)
  28. ,"Layer of the epidermis between the stratum granulosum and stratum corneum, found only in thick skin covering the palms, soles of the feet, and digits." (15)
  29. ,Receptor in the skin that responds to vibration. (18)
  30. ,Cell that produces keratin and is the most predominant type of cell found in the epidermis. (12)
  31. ,Secretion by membrane budding. (8)
  32. ,Type of sweat gland that is associated with hair follicles in the armpits and genital regions. (20)
  33. ,Type of skin cancer that originates from the melanocytes of the skin. (8)
  34. ,Thickened area of skin that arises due to constant abrasion. (6)
  35. ,Layer of basal cells from which a strand of hair grows. (11)
  36. ,Cells with contractile properties usually found in glandular epithelium as a thin layer above the basement membrane but generally beneath the luminal cells. They can contract and expel the secretions of exocrine glands. (13)
  37. ,Exocrine gland in mammals that produces milk. (13)
  38. ,Specialized dendritic cell found in the stratum spinosum that functions as a macrophage. (15)
  39. ,Oily substance that is composed of a mixture of lipids that lubricates the skin and hair. (5)
  40. ,"Fold of epithelium that extends over the nail bed, also called the eponychium." (12)
  41. ,Pigment that determines the color of hair and skin. (7)
  42. ,Collagen-rich skin formed after the process of wound healing that is different from normal skin. (4)

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