Skin (palmar)


Workbook tasks

Slide 93: Skin


This slide is a section through the skin of the palm of the hand.

This specimen serves as an example of several structures seen in skin and the subcutaneous tissues:

  • Stratified squamous keratinizing epithelium
  • Endothelium
  • Fat cells
  • Adipose tissue (fatty connective tissue)
  • Sensory nerve endings of the peripheral nervous system


  1. Macroscopic

    Hold the slide against a white background and look at it with the naked eye, or at very low magnification. Orientate yourself with regard to the three visible primary layers of the skin of the palm, as well as the subcutaneous tissue. Identify the three coloured layers seen in the section:

  • The different textures and intensity of stained layers of thick skin.

  • A dark pink to red scalloped area - the epidermis.

  • A central light pink area - the dermis.

  • A thick very light pink area - the hypodermis.


  • Lumen of the blood vessel

  • The blood vessels can be found under low magnification in the dermis.

  • Endothelial cells against the lumen

  • Nuclei of the endothelial cells

  • Cytoplasm

  • Layers of the blood vessel wall

  • The different layers of the epithelium which form the epidermis

  • The shape of the cells in the different layers

  • Fat cells

  • Connective tissue septa.

  • Adipose tissue

  • Pacinian corpuscles

    Pacinian corpuscles are found in the subcutaneous fat tissue.

  • The subcutaneous tissue

  • Sweat glands


Draw and annotate:

The layers of the skin, including the subcutaneous tissue and sweat glands.

A line diagram of the bloodvessel and endothelial cells.

A few epithelial cells of each layer of the epithelium to show the different cell shapes.

A line diagram of a few lobules of fatty tissue. In one of the lobules draw fat cells as well as the surrounding connective tissue septa.

A Pacinian corpuscle.


  1. What is characteristic of the endothelial cells?
  2. What is characteristic of the cytoplasm of these endothelial cells? And the nuclei?
  3. What is sometimes seen in the lumen?
  4. How many cell layers are present in the epithelium of skin?
  5. How does the shape of the cells in each layer of the epithelium of skin change?
  6. How does the junction between the epithelium of skin and the underlying support structures (connective tissue) appear?
  7. How does the appearance of these fat cells differ from those that were stained with Sudan IV? [Compare Slide 5: Fat cells]
  8. Describe the Pacinian corpuscle.
  9. What is the capsule of a Pacinian corpuscle made from?
  10. What are the different layers of the dermis, and what type of support tissue is found here?
  11. What is characteristic of the subcutis (hypodermis)?
  12. What is characteristic of the ducts of the sweat glands?
  13. How does one distinguish between the secretory part and the tubular part of sweat glands?



Section of skin
A section through the skin of the palm of the hand
Pacinian corpuscle
Detailed view of a papillae in skin
Pacinian corpuscle


Very low magnification: Macroscopic view of the palmar skin

High magnification: Endothelium in artery in palmar skin

Stratified squamous keratinizing epithelium
Low magnification: Palmar skin
Medium magnification: Palmar skin
Medium magnification: Layers of thick skin

Very low magnification

Macroscopic view

Low magnification

Low magnification of the palmar skin

Medium magnification

Medium magnification of Vater-pacini body
Medium magnification of palmar skin
Medium magnification of palmar skin: Vater-pacini body
Medium magnification of palmar skin showing the layers of thick skin

High magnification

High magnification of palmar skin: endothelium

Very high magnification


© februarie 2008 marius loots